Diabetes is a serious epidemic of health that affects millions of Americans. New technological advances have enabled the diagnosis of diabetes to be better and more is being learned about the condition of health than in the past decades. Although diabetes can result from a sedentary lifestyle and poor dietary choices, it can also be hereditary, passed on to members of the family.
Diabetes is a condition that impedes normal insulin production and absorption by the body. This changes the amount of blood sugar and the intake of glucose in the cells of the body for energy and proper functioning.
Patients with diabetes are at higher risk of infection, blindness, problems with oral health, and nerve damage.
Also, diabetics are at a higher risk of serious foot injury.
Common Diabetic Foot Conditions
Some of the foot conditions experienced with diabetics include those involving foot nerve damage and common foot problems that become infected and advance to more serious foot health problems.
Neuropathy. If diabetes is not controlled, there may be a loss of functioning of the nerve. The nerves damaged in the feet will lead to the inability to feel heat, cold, or pain. This foot neuropathy can be dangerous as one can get infected with a foot injury and know nothing is wrong due to lack of sensation. Similarly, without even knowing the patient, one’s feet can get burned and frost-bitten. Foot ulcers and cuts in the feet and swelling are common diabetic foot conditions that may result from neuropathy of the diabetic foot.
Foot of the athlete. This common condition of foot health is a fungal infection causing itching, red, and cracked feet. Germs may enter the cracks that lead to infection.
Infections of the fungal nails. Nail fungal infections discolor, thick, and brittle the nails. The infection sometimes separates the nail from the rest of the nail.
Calluses. Hard skin develops on the underside of the foot with calluses. Besides diabetes, there are many causes for calluses, including unsuitable shoes, skin abnormality, or uneven weight distribution.
Corns. This common foot condition is where the hardened skin is built up either between the toes or near the toe’s bony area. Corn is the result of the toe being pressed and rubbed with the shoe or other toes. However, maize can get out of control with diabetics, especially if they experience foot nerve damage.